China

China

China
China
Capital Beijing (北京)
39°55′N 116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917;116.383
Largest city Shanghai (上海)
Official language(s) Standard Mandarin (de facto
Official scripts Simplified Chinese
Demonym Chinese
Government Single-party state
Democratic centralism, Unitary state, Socialist state, Communist state
President Hu Jintao
Premier Wen Jiabao
NPCSC Chairman Wu Bangguo
CPPCC Chairman Jia Qinglin
Legislature National People's Congress
Establishment - People's Republic of China proclaimed. 1 October 1949
Area - Total 9,640,821 km2 [c] or 9,671,018 km2[c](3rd/4th) 3,704,427 sq mi - Water (%) 2.8[c]
Population - 2010 estimate 1,338,612,968[4] (1st) - 2000 census 1,242,612,226 - Density 139.6/km2 (53rd) 363.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate - Total $8.767 trillion[5] (2nd) - Per capita $6,549 (97th)
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate - Total $4.911 trillion[6] (3rd) - Per capita $3,696 (98th)
Gini (2007) 47.0[7]
HDI (2007) 0.772[8] (medium) (91nd)
Currency Chinese yuan (¥) (CNY)
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Date formats yyyy-mm-dd or yyyy年m月d日 (CE;CE-1949)
Drives on the right, except for Hong Kong &Macau
Internet TLD .cn[b]
Calling code +86[b] a. ^ See also Names of China. b. ^ Information for mainland China only. Hong Kong, Macau and territories under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan, are excluded. c. ^ 9,598,086 km2 excludes all disputed territories. 9,640,821 km2 Includes PRC-administered area (Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract, both territories claimed by India), Taiwan is not included.[9]
China information from the U.S.
Department of State
U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of China Economic Area
Provinces (省)
Anhui (安徽)
Fujian (福建)
Gansu (甘肃)
Guangdong (广东)
Guizhou (贵州
Hainan (海南)
Hebei (河北)
Heilongjiang (黑龙江)
Henan (河南)
Hubei (湖北
Hunan (湖南)
Jiangsu (江苏)
Jiangxi (江西)
Jilin (吉林)
Liaoning (辽宁
Qinghai (青海)
Shaanxi (陕西)
Shandong (山东)
Shanxi (山西)
Sichuan (四川
Taiwan (台湾)
Yunnan (云南)
Zhejiang (浙江
Political divisions of the PRC - Taiwan is claimed by the PRC but administered by the
Republic of China -
Autonomous regions (自治区) - Municipalities (直辖市) - Special Administrative
Regions (特别行政区)
Guangxi (广西壮族自治区)
Inner Mongolia (内蒙古自治区)
Ningxia (宁夏回族自治区)
Xinjiang (新疆维吾尔自治区)
Tibet (西藏自治区
Beijing (北京市)
Chongqing (重庆市)
Shanghai (上海市)
Tianjin (天津市
Hong Kong (香港特別行政區)
Macau (澳門特別行政區

1 - Shanghai -
Shanghai Municipality - 9,495,701 - 18,542,200 -
East
2 - Beijing -
Beijing Municipality - 7,296,962 - 17,430,000 -
North
3 - Hong Kong -
Hong Kong SAR - 7,000,000 - 7,000,000 -
South
4 - Tianjin -
Tianjin Municipality - 5,066,129 - 11,500,000 -
North
5 - Wuhan -
Hubei Province - 4,488,892 - 9,400,000 -
Central
6 - Guangzhou -
Guangdong Province - 4,154,808 - 15,000,000 -
South
7 - Shenzhen -
Guangdong Province - 4,000,000 - 8,615,500 -
South
8 - Shenyang -
Liaoning Province - 3,981,023 - 7,500,000 -
Northeast
9 - Chongqing -
Chongqing Municipality - 3,934,239 - 31,442,300 -
Southwest
10 - Nanchang -
Jiangxi Province - 3,790,000 - 4,990,184 -
East
11 - Nanjing -
Jiangsu Province - 2,822,117 - 7,100,000 -
East
12 - Harbin -
Heilongjiang Province - 2,672,069 - 8,499,000 -
Northeast
13 - Xi'an -
Shaanxi Province - 2,588,987 - 10,500,000 -
Northwest
14 - Chengdu -
Sichuan Province - 2,341,203 - 11,300,000 -
Southwest
15 - Changchun -
Jilin Province - 2,223,170 - 7,400,000 -
Northeast
16 - Dalian -
Liaoning Province - 2,118,087 - 6,200,000 -
Northeast
17 - Hangzhou -
Zhejiang Province - 1,932,612 - 7,000,000 -
East
18 - Jinan -
Shandong Province - 1,917,204 - 6,300,000 -
East
19 - Taiyuan -
Shanxi Province - 1,905,403 - 3,413,800 -
North
20 - Qingdao -
Shandong Province - 1,867,365 - 8,000,000 -
East
2008 Estimated - suburban and rural area excluded on urban population
Leading Urban Centers of the People's Republic of China
List of Ethnic groups
92% Han;55 recognised minorities
91.6% Han
1.30% Zhuang
0.86% Manchu
0.79% Uyghur
0.79% Hui
0.72% Miao
0.65% Yi
0.62% Tujia
0.47% Mongol
0.44% Tibetan
0.26% Buyei
0.15% Korean
1.05% other

China

This article is about the Chinese civilization. For the state commonly known as China, see People's Republic of China. For the state commonly known as Taiwan, see Republic of China. For other uses, see China.
China
Chinaimg.png
Traditional Chinese: 中國
Simplified Chinese: 中国