China

China  China

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  • Capital Beijing (北京)
  • 39°55′N 116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917;116.383
  • Largest city Shanghai (上海)
  • Official language(s) Standard Mandarin (de facto
  • Official scripts Simplified Chinese
  • Demonym Chinese
  • Government Single-party state
  • Democratic centralism, Unitary state, Socialist state, Communist state
  • President Hu Jintao
  • Premier Wen Jiabao
  • NPCSC Chairman Wu Bangguo
  • CPPCC Chairman Jia Qinglin
  • Legislature National People's Congress
  • Establishment - People's Republic of China proclaimed. 1 October 1949
  • Area - Total 9,640,821 km2 [c] or 9,671,018 km2[c](3rd/4th) 3,704,427 sq mi - Water (%) 2.8[c]
  • Population - 2010 estimate 1,338,612,968[4] (1st) - 2000 census 1,242,612,226 - Density 139.6/km2 (53rd) 363.3/sq mi
  • GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate - Total $8.767 trillion[5] (2nd) - Per capita $6,549 (97th)

  • GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate - Total $4.911 trillion[6] (3rd) - Per capita $3,696 (98th)
  • Gini (2007) 47.0[7]
  • HDI (2007) 0.772[8] (medium) (91nd)
  • Currency Chinese yuan (¥) (CNY)
  • Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
  • Date formats yyyy-mm-dd or yyyy年m月d日 (CE;CE-1949)
  • Drives on the right, except for Hong Kong &Macau
  • Internet TLD .cn[b]
  • Calling code +86[b] a. ^ See also Names of China. b. ^ Information for mainland China only. Hong Kong, Macau and territories under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan, are excluded. c. ^ 9,598,086 km2 excludes all disputed territories. 9,640,821 km2 Includes PRC-administered area (Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract, both territories claimed by India), Taiwan is not included.[9]

  • Provinces (省)
    Anhui (安徽)
    Fujian (福建)
    Gansu (甘肃)
    Guangdong (广东)
    Guizhou (贵州
    Hainan (海南)
    Hebei (河北)
    Heilongjiang (黑龙江)
    Henan (河南)
    Hubei (湖北
    Hunan (湖南)
    Jiangsu (江苏)
    Jiangxi (江西)
    Jilin (吉林)
    Liaoning (辽宁
    Qinghai (青海)
    Shaanxi (陕西)
    Shandong (山东)
    Shanxi (山西)
    Sichuan (四川
    Taiwan (台湾)
    Yunnan (云南)
    Zhejiang (浙江
    Political divisions of the PRC - Taiwan is claimed by the PRC but administered by the
    Republic of China -
    Autonomous regions (自治区) - Municipalities (直辖市) - Special Administrative
    Regions (特别行政区)
    Guangxi (广西壮族自治区)
    Inner Mongolia (内蒙古自治区)
    Ningxia (宁夏回族自治区)
    Xinjiang (新疆维吾尔自治区)
    Tibet (西藏自治区
    Beijing (北京市)
    Chongqing (重庆市)
    Shanghai (上海市)
    Tianjin (天津市
    Hong Kong (香港特別行政區)
    Macau (澳門特別行政區

    1 - Shanghai -
    Shanghai Municipality - 9,495,701 - 18,542,200 -
    East
    2 - Beijing -
    Beijing Municipality - 7,296,962 - 17,430,000 -
    North
    3 - Hong Kong -
    Hong Kong SAR - 7,000,000 - 7,000,000 -
    South
    4 - Tianjin -
    Tianjin Municipality - 5,066,129 - 11,500,000 -
    North
    5 - Wuhan -
    Hubei Province - 4,488,892 - 9,400,000 -
    Central
    6 - Guangzhou -
    Guangdong Province - 4,154,808 - 15,000,000 -
    South
    7 - Shenzhen -
    Guangdong Province - 4,000,000 - 8,615,500 -
    South
    8 - Shenyang -
    Liaoning Province - 3,981,023 - 7,500,000 -
    Northeast
    9 - Chongqing -
    Chongqing Municipality - 3,934,239 - 31,442,300 -
    Southwest
    10 - Nanchang -
    Jiangxi Province - 3,790,000 - 4,990,184 -
    East
    11 - Nanjing -
    Jiangsu Province - 2,822,117 - 7,100,000 -
    East
    12 - Harbin -
    Heilongjiang Province - 2,672,069 - 8,499,000 -
    Northeast
    13 - Xi'an -
    Shaanxi Province - 2,588,987 - 10,500,000 -
    Northwest
    14 - Chengdu -
    Sichuan Province - 2,341,203 - 11,300,000 -
    Southwest
    15 - Changchun -
    Jilin Province - 2,223,170 - 7,400,000 -
    Northeast
    16 - Dalian -
    Liaoning Province - 2,118,087 - 6,200,000 -
    Northeast
    17 - Hangzhou -
    Zhejiang Province - 1,932,612 - 7,000,000 -
    East
    18 - Jinan -
    Shandong Province - 1,917,204 - 6,300,000 -
    East
    19 - Taiyuan -
    Shanxi Province - 1,905,403 - 3,413,800 -
    North
    20 - Qingdao -
    Shandong Province - 1,867,365 - 8,000,000 -
    East
    2008 Estimated - suburban and rural area excluded on urban population
    Leading Urban Centers of the People's Republic of China
  • List of Ethnic groups
    92% Han;55 recognised minorities
    91.6% Han
    1.30% Zhuang
    0.86% Manchu
    0.79% Uyghur
    0.79% Hui
    0.72% Miao
    0.65% Yi
    0.62% Tujia
    0.47% Mongol
    0.44% Tibetan
    0.26% Buyei
    0.15% Korean
    1.05% other

    China

  • This article is about the Chinese civilization. For the state commonly known as China, see People's Republic of China. For the state commonly known as Taiwan, see Republic of China. For other uses, see China.
    China
    Chinaimg.png
    Traditional Chinese: 中國
    Simplified Chinese: 中国